|Where we work|
Republic of Uzbekistan
Since 1992, USAID has helped Uzbekistan strengthen its central bank, establish the legal environment for private sector growth, and adopt international accounting standards for greater transparency of business transactions. USAID also played a key role in establishing a network of credit unions in the country. By the middle of 2010, the country had 91 credit unions with $103 million in assets that served 125,000 small businesses and individuals.
Farmers throughout the country have improved their irrigation networks and management of on-farm water in cooperation with USAID. Currently, USAID focuses on improving household incomes for the country’s farmers and strengthening agricultural businesses. USAID works to modernize on-farm technologies to heighten yields and conserve the environment while diversifying away from the country’s two major crops, cotton and wheat. Platforms for market information are being developed to provide farmers with accurate information about pricing; training programs help farmers to develop new skills. In 2010 alone, USAID introduced over 1,200 farmers to new production techniques, which doubled or tripled crop productivity and stimulated a five- to ten-fold increase in sales.
Investing in People: Health and Education
USAID provided technical assistance for the nationwide roll-out of activities related to high-quality primary health care, evidence-based medicine, and per-capita financing, whereby health facilities receive funding based on the number of patients they serve. The new approach rewards those facilities that attract the highest numbers of patients, thus encouraging quality care. The per-capita system now finances 3,200 rural primary health care facilities—almost the entire rural primary health care sector. Eighteen hospitals across the country have been certified as baby friendly, and nearly 400,000 women have improved their child care and health practices. USAID assisted with implementation of the Directly Observed Treatment Short-course (DOTS) strategy for tuberculosis (TB) control, including electronic surveillance activities and improvement of TB laboratory capacities.
USAID helped to expand access to education for children with disabilities, who are frequently disenfranchised from society, through support for community-based and institutional care. Currently, USAID helps Uzbekistan’s governmental and nongovernmental organizations to improve HIV and TB prevention and treatment services for the most at-risk populations to prevent the spread of these diseases.